U.S. Military History for July 19-25

Compiled by Charles O’Leary

July 19, 1918 [World War I]: Off Fire Island, N.Y., a German U-boat sinks the U.S.S. San Diego, the only major U.S. warship lost in World War I.

July 19, 1944 [World War II]: Battle of St. Lo ends in Europe.

July 20, 1942 [World War II]: The first class of female officers in the U.S. armed forces begins training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.

July 21, 1944 [World War II]: U.S. forces invade Guam and the territory is placed under U.S. control. Guam was captured by the Japanese in 1941 and is the largest US territory to be held by a foreign power.

July 21, 1969 [Cold War]: First moon landing by Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin [Uncle to former Hominy physician Charles Crowell, DO]

July 22, 1943 [World War II]: General George Patton’s 7th Army captures Palermo, Sicily. Oklahoma’s 45th Infantry Division was a part of the U.S. forces capturing Sicily.

July 23, 1944 [World War II]: In the Northern Marianas Islands, U.S. troops land at Tinian, the takeoff point for the Enola Gay on its mission over Hiroshima in August, 1945.

July 24, 1929: President Herbert Hoover proclaims the Kellog-Briand Pact, renouncing war; it was, however, ineffectual and did nothing to prevent the activities of Japan and Germany leading to WWII.

July 25, 1996: U.S. Marine Corps Lt. General Carol A. Mutter becomes the first female three-star general.

[From “Forever a Soldier”, the Library of Congress Veterans History Project]

This article is brought to you by Blackwell-Frazier Post 142 of the American Legion in Hominy, which would like to remind all veterans that the American Legion is serving FREE COFFEE, and biscuits and gravy for veterans every Monday morning 0800-0900 hours at the Legion Hut starting Aug. 3. Social distancing available and masks are encouraged but not mandatory [and not while eating!].